IH: Carburetor, Intake Manifold & Exhaust Systems - Sub-01K


Bendix Carb Identification

See also in the Sportsterpedia:

There are a lot of Sportsters out there that do not have their original Bendix carb attached to them.
Consequently, this page will try to bring to light at least some the differences in these carbs.
One could say it's a blessing that Bendix carbs for Harleys will interchange.
One could also say it's a curse.
Bendix carbs for Sportsters were set up for Sportsters.
Bendix carbs for other HD models were set up for the needs of those motors.
Changing the jetting alone (on other intended model carbs) to Sportster specs may still not give the results intended.
The 27155-72A Sportster carb has another number stamped into the ID pad (13732).
This Bendix part number denotes a certain configuration carb body and / or internal parts.
Change Letters:
You may have noticed a letter beside the HD part number or it may be arbitrarily stamped in the ID pad away from the HD number.
Carbs with changes made during the build phase had the change letter included at the end of the HD stamped part number.
Carbs with changes made at the dealership (customer owned bikes) had the change letter stamped into the existing ID pad…somewhere.
This explains the arbitrary location of some of the change letters.
For example, an “A” stamped into the ID pad away from the HD part# is a Bendix modification letter, not a suffix letter to the HD part#.

Bendix model 13479:

The model 13479 carb was used on FLP, FLH and FX model Harley Davidsons.
The letters A, B, C, D, E and F stamped near the basic Bendix part number (13479) are change letters.
Meaning they denote certain changes made per carb model.

The following changes are noted in Technical Service Bulletin (614A). 1)

  • Change for 13479A:
    • The float setting was changed from 1/8“ to 3/16” to remedy a rich condition occurring at steady speeds.
    • The clearance between the float tang and the wire clip on the needle decreased.
      It should be .005“-.010” between the top of the tang and bottom of the portion of spring that hangs over the tang.
  • Change for 13479B:
    • A new choke valve has detents with a spring loaded plunger engaging the detents to provide positive positioning throughout the choking range.
    • New part (27664-71 choke shaft replaces 27664-70.
    • New part 27665-71 plunger added.
    • 27666-71 plunger spring added.
  • Change for 13479C & 13479D:
    Changes were made to correct over-rich mixtures in the intermediate (off idle) speed range.
    • A new idle jet has two .06mm holes instead of one .08mm hole near the screw end.
      • New part (27725-71) idle jet has the letter 'A' stamped on the screw end and replaces 27723-71.
      • The idle air bleed hole in the carb body was enlarged from 3.35mm to 3.60mm (app. 9/64: in diameter).
        Idle jet (27725-71 must be used with the drilled out passage in this carb for proper carburetion.
        Dealers could drill the bleed hole and stamp the change letter if there was a problem with the field unit's performance.
      • The accelerator pump shaft had 2 additional holes to allow for an increase or decrease of quantity of fuel delivery.
        Factory setting for the pin was the center hole.

Bendix model 13609 and 13731

There were three Bendix carburetors, designated in the parts catalogs, that were installed on Sportsters.

Sportster
Year
Model
HD Part #Bendix Part #Venture
Size
No. of Idle
Discharge
Holes
Idle
Tube
E197227155-72 2)13609A36mm3(A) 27749-72
27155-72 3)13609B36mm 4)4 5)(B) 27750-72
(E72-73)
L1972-197427155-72A 6)1373138mm4
1975-Early 1976
(also '71-'75 FX models)
27155-72B 7) 8) 9)1373138mm4integrated w / carb body
no letter designation
not meant for replacement

Bendix model 13732

  • 27152-71A (13732) - 38mm, was reportedly factory installed on a '74 XLH delivered from the dealer in July 1974. 10)

Other known Bendix ID information:

HD Part #Bendix Part #Venture SizeNo. of Idle
Discharge
Holes
27152-71 11) 36mm
27152-71 12)13479A36mm3
27152-71 13)13479E36mm
27152-71A 14)1373238mm
27152-72 15) 38mm
27155-72B 16) 36mm
27155-72B 17)13731C38mm
Zenith
13859A
Also has the word Andpro.
Andrews Products used to sell a Bendix carb. No HD markings

Venture Size

The venturi size is cast into the venturi. 18)
Looking in the carb from the air cleaner end, the numbers are on the venturi at 12:00 o'clock on the radiused entry.
They are small but every bendix should have the number stamped there.

19)


I.D. Numbers

27155-72 (13609B), arbitrary 'B', venturi stamped 36mm 20)
27155-72B (13731C), arbitrary 'C', venturi stamped 38mm 21)

Both of these carbs are stamped 27152-71.
One has a '36' and the other has a '38' stamped inside the venture.

27152-71A (13732) - venturi stamped '38' 22) 23)
27152-71 (13479A) arbitrary 'A' - venturi stamped '36' 24)
27152-71 (13479E) arbitrary 'E', adjustable jet 25) 27152-71 (13479E) arbitrary 'E',
fixed jet, 36mm 26)

36mm and 38mm Comparison

Side by side comparison of 36mm and 38mm Bendix carbs.
Aside from the venturi size, the other main difference that might affect the way it runs is the number of secondary idle discharge ports.
These are the holes that get uncovered by the throttle plate at part throttle settings.
The 38mm has 3 (in addition to the idle adjustment screw hole).
The 36 has 2 (in addition to the idle adjustment screw hole).
The air cleaner screw bosses on the 36mm are smaller.

(Left) 38mm, (Right) 36mm 27) 36mm doesn't have a bowl vent hole here 28) (L) 38mm has a flat corner, (R) 36mm is round 29)

Idle Passages

The 13609A 36mm carb has 3 idle passages. 30)
The 13609B 36mm carb has 4 idle passages. 31)
The 38mm carbs have 4 idle passages.

Main Jet / Idle Tube

One feature of an adjustable main jet, (besides the number), is the holes near the bottom that are drilled at about a 45° angle. 32)
Note that on the adjustable main jet shown below (R), the top of it looks identical to the fixed jet. 33)

34)

Some have converted their fixed main jet setup to an adjustable jet.

The C66-157 fixed main jet came standard on a 1974 Sportster.

Bendix Carb Main Jet C66-157 - 1.10mm 35) 36)

The C66-184 adjustable main jet has the tube extending beyond the taper. 37)

Bendix C66-184 adjustable main jet 38)

Idle Tube

Alternate references include intermediate / idle / low speed jet. The original idle tubes are designated with either an A, B, or C marked on top. 39)

Tube sizes:
These are removable (threaded) jets.
Both the A and B tubes were used on the early 27155-72 (13609B) and 27155-72 (13731) carbs.
Neither the “C” tube nor it's successors were ever installed on a Sportster carb (officially anyway).
Here is a link to a pic of the “C” tube at NOSparts.

  • A = .60mm 40) (27749-72) standard on carbs through change letter “A”.
  • B = .65mm 41) (27750-72) standard on carbs through change letter “B”.
  • C = 42) standard on carbs through change letter “C”.

72-74 Sportster Fixed Idle Tube: (screw in type - no adjustment)
43) 44)

75-E76 Sportster Fixed Idle Tube: (pressed in type - no adjustment)
Note: Measurements taken on used / removed idle tube from carb #27155-72B (13731C)
45) 46)

47) 48) 49)


Throttle Linkage

Here’s another, and more significant difference. 50)
The cable attachment to the throttle shaft is in a different position which changes the geometry of the cable action.
With the 36 mm carb, the cable pulls from over center with the stock outer jacket bracket.
As you can see in the left picture, even with a modified bracket, the geometry isn’t great.
The picture on the right is the same 36mm carb with the correct throttle shaft and return spring for a 38mm carb added.
The throttle return spring is substantially stronger than the original (for the 36mm).
It also required an additional spring to properly return.
The standard (38mm style) bracket was used to support the outer jacket of the cable.

51)

52) 53)

Pics of Bendix Carbs

27152-71A

27155-72B (13731)

27155-72B (13731) fixed jet (hidden under welch plug). Also has stampings 'C' and '5 95' 66)

Zenith Replacement Carbs

0-13731

  • Standard Finish 67)
  • 38mm venturi
  • Fixed main jet
  • Fits all H-D® Sportster 1974 through 1980 engines
  • OEM for (27155-72B)

0-13859

  • Standard Finish –38mm -venturi 68)
  • Adjustable main jet
  • Fits all H-D® Sportster 1974 thru 1980 engines

69)

0-14130

  • Standard Finish 70)
  • 40mm venturi
  • Dual throttle cable
  • All year H-D® models with use of proper manifold.
  • Designed for Evolution® motors

015110 and 015112

  • 015110 – Standard finish 71)
  • 015112 –Chrome finish
  • 40mm venture
  • Adjustable main jet
  • Dual throttle linkage-spigot mount
  • Fits 1984 Evolution Engines & H-D Twin Cam models 1999 and later.

Bendix / Zenith Manuals and Other Helpful Links

1)
HD TSB 614A dated April 14, 1971
2) , 3)
1972,1973 HD Sportster Parts Catalog Supplements (99451-72), (99451-73)
6)
1973, 1974 HD Sportster Parts Catalog Supplements (99451-73) (99451-74)
7)
1975 HD Sportster Parts Catalog Supplement (99451-75)
8)
1976 HD Sportster Parts Catalog Supplement (99451-76)
9)
1971-1984 HD FX Parts Catalog pg 35
16)
curiousgeorge of the XLFORUM
20)
photos by Kingrabbit of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?p=5778108
21) , 66)
photos by DirtyHarry68 of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=2072203&page=2
24) , 38)
photo by Popgadget of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=2071986
25)
photos by savagegarden of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=1903749
26)
photo by savagegarden of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=1903749
27) , 28) , 29)
photo by needspedd of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=1993814
34)
photo by needspeed of the XLFORUM, annotated by Hippysmack http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=2071986&page=2
35)
photo by The Doctor71 of the XLFORUM http://xlforum.net/forums/showthread.php?t=2073320
36) , 54) , 55) , 56) , 57) , 58) , 59) , 60) , 61) , 62) , 63) , 64) , 65)
Pic courtesy of The Doctor71 of the XLFORUM
41)
1971-1984 HD FX FSM pg 35
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